英國加拿大反逃犯修訂條例

英國及加拿大外交部今日罕有發表聯合聲明,指條例修訂後,可引渡移犯到內地受審,不但影響大量居港的英國及加拿大公民,也可能波及本港的營商信心和國際聲譽,更對《中英聯合聲明》保障港人權利和自由造成負面影響。

聯合聲明由英國外交大臣侯俊偉(Jeremy Hunt)及加拿大外交部長方蕙蘭(Chrystia Freeland)發出。聲明指出,港府建議修訂《逃犯條例》及《刑事事宜相互法律協助條例》,尤其取消與中國大陸引渡安排的領土限制,很明顯在香港引起激烈的爭論,並認為有關修例對香港的營商信心和國際聲譽,以至大量居港的英國及加拿大公民都有潛在影響。

聲明強調,疑犯引渡安排必須符合「一國兩制」原則,充份尊重香港高度自治的原則;然而若修例後,則可能對《中英聯合聲明》保障港人權利和自由造成負面影響(the proposals could impact negatively on the rights and freedoms set down in the Sino-British Joint Declaration)。

聲明續指,兩國外交部已明確向港府反映這些意見,並促港府充份考慮本港及國際社會相關持份者對修例的關注,給予充份時間考慮不同方案及保障措施。

民主黨創黨主席李柱銘回應時稱,英、加外長發出聯合聲明值得關注,「應該從來未試過」。他又透露,數年前內地發表「一國兩制白皮書」,當時他跟前政務司司長陳方安生正好人在英國,並出席英國外交事務委員會,當時他更呼籲英方發聲,惟對方最後都沒有表示,可見今次修例影響的嚴重性,「今次係好『杰』,香港國際城市、金融中心地位隨時冇晒。」

他指出,加拿大表達憂慮絕對適當,因為加拿大有30至50萬公民在港生活,自然憂慮他們的人身安全保障。他批評,特區政府連日嘗試向外解釋今次修例,包括向外國駐港領事人員,但結果是「完全回應唔到外界憂慮」,因為核心問題是大家對中國法制完全沒有信心,「仲一直解釋唔到點解要咁急(修例)」。他又認為,該聯合聲明措辭已很客氣,反而認為英方可以有更強硬取態。

他解釋,由於英國是《中英聯合聲明》簽約國,故有絕對理由發聲:「(修例)嚴重破壞聲明,因為令香港唔再繁榮穩定,呢個係違反中央對港基本政策方針!」他更指出,北京及港府屢次批評外國干預香港事務,其實並不妥當,因為外國政府有權、道義上亦有責任監察香港一國兩制的實施情況,「當年簽約,係中國叫外國支持聯合聲明,唔好再講咩八國聯軍,人哋家陣唔係派兵打你,當年清朝有冇叫八國聯軍支持自己在先?」

他認為,如果港府及北京繼續企硬,只是「中國自己醜」,因為是在告訴全世界,中國是一個不會遵守協議的國家。

公民黨黨魁、立法會議員楊岳橋表示,香港涉外歷史上,應該從未曾出現在短時間內,有多個外國政府,針對單一法例作如此強烈的聲明,他認為美、加兩國發出的聯合聲明,措辭已經非常清晰,如此做法,更是「特殊情況以上的特殊情況」。

他又指,兩國外長在聲明中的用字,亦反映他們對港府把修例繞過法案委員會的做法表達不滿。他勸籲特區政府,別再以八國聯軍心態看待這些外國聲音,「你自己打開門做生意,你要留住人家,必須令外國相信香港仍然係一個可相信嘅地方。」

聲明原文

UK and Canada joint statement on Hong Kong

The UK and Canada have issued a joint statement about concerns for their citizens in light of proposed changes to extradition laws in Hong Kong.

Joint statement by Foreign Secretary, Jeremy Hunt and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Chrystia Freeland:

“We have been following the proposals of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government to amend the Fugitive Offenders Ordinance and the Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Ordinance. It is clear that the proposals have generated significant debate in Hong Kong, in particular in relation to removing the territorial restrictions on extradition to mainland China.

“We are concerned about the potential effect of these proposals on the large number of UK and Canadian citizens in Hong Kong, on business confidence and on Hong Kong’s international reputation. Furthermore, we believe that there is a risk that the proposals could impact negatively on the rights and freedoms set down in the Sino-British Joint Declaration. It is vital that extradition arrangements in Hong Kong are in line with ‘One Country, Two Systems’ and fully respect Hong Kong’s high degree of autonomy. We have made these views clear in our respective conversations with the Hong Kong Government.

“It is important that these proposals are subject to the highest levels of scrutiny, including in the Legislative Council. We urge the Hong Kong Government to engage meaningfully with Hong Kong’s broad range of local and international stakeholders in order to ensure their concerns are fully considered. We believe that the Hong Kong Government should allow time to give proper consideration of all alternative options and safeguards.

A columnist in political development in Greater China region, technology and gadgets, media industry, parenting and other interesting topics.

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